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Open Access Highly Accessed Editorial

A community experiment with fully open and published peer review

Eugene V Koonin1*, Laura F Landweber2 and David J Lipman1

Author Affiliations

1 National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA.

2 Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA.

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Biology Direct 2006, 1:1  doi:10.1186/1745-6150-1-1

Published: 31 January 2006

First paragraph (this article has no abstract)

We are pleased to announce a new open access journal, Biology Direct, which will be published online by BioMed Central. Biology Direct is launching with publications in the fields of Systems Biology, Computational Biology, and Evolutionary Biology, with an Immunology section to follow soon. Eventually, the journal will expand to cover other areas of biology. Launching a new research journal in biology in the year 2006 takes a lot of hubris...and/or a clearly defined goal. The crucial open access niche has been taken by the highly successful and still proliferating BMC and PLoS journals, so a new journal hardly would stand a chance and be worth the efforts of the editors and the publisher unless it defines itself in a fundamentally new way. Thus, our goals with this new journal, Biology Direct, are unapologetically ambitious: to establish a new, perhaps, better system of peer review and, in the process, bolster productive scientific debate, and provide scientists with useful guides to the literature.